Including, but not limited to


      • to list examples without restricting to only those mentioned
        to indicate that the examples given are not the only ones, and there may be others as well

    Examples of Including, but not limited to

    • She packed everything but the kitchen sink for the camping trip.

      This idiom is used to emphasize that she packed nearly everything, but not the actual sink itself. It means she brought along a lot of items, more than necessary.

    • The presentation included charts, graphs, and PowerPoint slides, but not a clear explanation of the data.

      This idiom is used to indicate that while there were several visual aids and slides, the explanation of the data was not provided. It means that although there were many components to the presentation, it did not accurately convey the intended information.

    • The meal consisted of salad, steak, and dessert, but not enough vegetables.

      This idiom is used to show that the meal had the basic elements but lacked a healthy portion of vegetables. It signifies that although the meal was well-rounded, it did not include the necessary amount of plant-based foods.

    • The sales report showed an increase in revenue, but not a detailed analysis of the factors contributing to the growth.

      This idiom is used to imply that while there was an increase in revenue, the report did not provide a thorough explanation of the causes behind it. It suggests that although the report provided an overall improvement, it did not offer a comprehensive explanation of the factors driving the growth.

    • When creating a list of items or aspects that will be included, but not all possibilities will be covered, it's common to use the idiom "including, but not limited to". For instance, "In our product line, items such as headphones, speakers, and earbuds, including but not limited to, will be available for purchase."

      This idiom is useful in situations where a comprehensive list cannot be provided since other items may be added to the product line in the future. By using "including, but not limited to", it indicates that the listed items represent just a portion of what is available, but not a definitive list.

    • When discussing the benefits or features of a product or service, it's common to use "including, but not limited to" to avoid leaving out any positive attributes. For example, "Our software offers features such as data encryption, real-time analytics, and cloud storage, including but not limited to, making it a powerful tool for businesses."

      By using this idiom, it clarifies that while the listed benefits are present, additional advantages may be present that have not been specifically mentioned.

    • When outlining a presentation or speech, it's common to use "including, but not limited to" to provide examples without exhaustively listing all possible illustrations. For instance, "During our presentation, we will cover topics such as market trends, consumer demographics, and marketing strategies, including but not limited to, to provide a comprehensive overview."

      This idiom is useful here to provide relevant examples without overwhelming the audience with excessive detail. It also implies that additional topics or examples beyond those listed will still be discussed.

    • When providing guidance or directions, it's common to use "including, but not limited to" to indicate that alternative paths or choices may exist. For example, "To get to the park, walk towards the library, continue straight past the grocery store, and make a left at the intersection, including, but not limited to."

      This idiom is useful in providing direction since it suggests additional route options that may exist that have not been specified in the initial directions provided.


    The idiom "including, but not limited to" is used to provide examples while also acknowledging that there may be additional examples beyond those mentioned. It is often used to ensure that the list provided is not seen as exhaustive, and to leave room for other possibilities.

    Origin of "Including, but not limited to"

    The phrase "including, but not limited to" is a legal term that is commonly used in contracts, agreements, and formal documents. It is used to clarify that the examples provided are not the only ones covered by the agreement, and that there may be other instances or situations that are also included. The use of this phrase helps to prevent misunderstandings and ensures that the scope of the agreement is clearly defined.

    The origin of this idiom can be traced back to the need for legal precision and clarity in written documents. By explicitly stating that the examples listed are not the only ones covered, the phrase "including, but not limited to" helps to avoid ambiguity and potential disputes. Over time, it has become a widely used idiom in both legal and general contexts to emphasize that the examples provided are not exhaustive.